Most Used Terms

“Measuring instrument” means any device or system with metering functions.

“Metrology” is the science of measurements.

“Scientific metrology” is part of metrology, which deals with the realization, development and maintenance of national measurement standards.

“Industrial metrology” is part of metrology, which compares the measurement results.

“Legal Metrology” is part of metrology, which is regulated by law and other provisions, to ensure accuracy and reliability in measurement results in areas where legally controlled metering instruments are applied.

“Measurement” is the series of actions for determining the value of a size.

“Measuring unit” is the size specified, to quantitatively display other sizes of the same nature.

“Type of measuring instrument” is a series of measuring instruments with identical functions, based on the same principle, having the same design and produced by the same manufacturer, based on the same technical and technological documentation.

“Measurement standard” means the measurement measure, measuring instrument, reference material or predetermined metering system that determines, realizes, maintains or reproduces a unit or more of a value of a size to transmit them by means of comparisons, with other measuring instruments.

The “national measurement standard” is an etalon declared by the Council of Ministers to serve in the Republic of Albania as a basis for determining the values ​​of other etalons of the respective magnitude.

“Reference Etalon” is an etalon that, generally, has the highest metrological quality in a given country or organization from which the measured measurements are derived.

“Preservation of the metering standard” are all necessary actions to maintain metrological characteristics of the metering standard, within the given limits.

“Reference Material” is a sufficiently homogeneous and durable material for one or more qualities used in calibration to determine the value of another material or to ensure quality. “Certified Reference Material” is a reference material, accompanied by documentation issued by authoritative bodies and in accordance with valid procedures, used to add specific quality values ​​with uncertainty and traceability.

“Traceability” means the quality of the metering result or the metering value of the metering obtained after a series of comparisons with the established measurement standards, whether national or international, which all have a definite uncertainty and confidence level. “Calibration” is the set of actions that determine, in special circumstances, the relationship between the values ​​indicated by an instrument or measuring system, or the values ​​given by a material measure, as well as the known, corresponding values ​​of the measured instrument. “Verification” is confirmation through examination and identification, if specific, technical-metrological requirements are met.

“Regular verification of a measuring instrument” is a verification carried out periodically and in accordance with the rules.

“Outbound verification of the measuring instrument” is a verification carried out after remodeling, eliminating malfunctions or other technical defects (repair) or carried out outside the verification period.

“Authorization” means the granting of the right to perform legal metrology services of measuring instruments in the mandatory sphere, public and private entities, domestic or foreign, carrying out activities in the Republic of Albania.

“Certification” means the activity by which a third party and an independent party officially proves that a product, process or service is in compliance with the requirements set out in the Methodological Guidelines of the General Directorate of Metrology or in consistent with the established standards.

“Packing” is the combination of a product and an individual packaging. A product is packaged when it is placed in prepackage of any kind, even if the buyer is present and the quantity of the product contained in the prepackage has a predetermined value and cannot be changed without pre-packaging or without being subjected to a modification perceptible.

“Bottle as measuring container” means any container made of glass or any other material that has such hardness and durability to provide the same metrological guarantee as glass, sewn or designed to be sewn, intended for storage, transport or distribution of liquids having metrological characteristics (design characteristics and manufacturer uniformity) such that they can be used as metering bottles when they are filled up to a specific level or a specified percentage of the capacity of to their edges and their content can be measured with a sufficient accuracy and having a nominal capacity of 0.05 to 5 liters inside.

“Inspection” means the examination of a product, service, process or measuring system, by determining their compliance with the specific requirements or on the basis of a professional judgment, with general requirements.

“Official Measurement” is a measurement performed by the General Directorate of Metrology or by an authorized legal person (below the official measurement officer), in accordance with the administrative decision for authorization. Official measurement is used as credible evidence in the procedures and decision-making of government bodies or courts.

“Approval of type of measuring instruments” means the acceptance of these instruments for initial verification and where the latter is not required, the authorization to place them on the market and / or put them into service.

“Initial verification of measuring instruments” means checking a new or repaired instrument and verifying the conformity of the measuring instrument with the approved type.

“Permission to market or put into service legally controlled measuring instruments” is the permission given by the General Directorate of Metrology to market or put into service legally controlled metering instruments that do not have the initial verification mark .